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Becán - Chicanná - Xpuhjil

These sites are close to each other and start at about 40 kms (25 miles) from the hotel. There are also a few other sites in this area. Each one has something different to offer. From the hotel, you take the Escarcega-Chetumal highway in direction of Chetumal. The first site is at Km 141.

Becán

Becan archaelogical site

Becan archaelogical site

In the southeast of the state of Campeche, 50 km from the hotel Puerta Calakmul, is Becán, which in in Maya means “Ravine or canyon formed by water”. Pointing out the most outstanding characteristic of the area is a moat 1.9 kilometers long surrounding the main architectural structures of the site.

The construction of the city began in the Classic Period (100-250 A.D.) but reached its peak between 600 and 1000 of our era when the wealth and services of many settlements were concentrated there, when it held the role of regional capital. From then on, the population decreased little by little until there was no one left, around the year 1450

There were seven access ways to the city: three in the north, one in the west, two in the south and the last on the west side. Structures III and IV profusely ornamented.

The main square is open in two sectors and surrounded by Structures VIII and IX, which is the highest structure of the site (32 meters) and Structure X where the remains of a stucco mask can still be seen. The West square is bounded on one of its sides by the Ball Game court.

Chicanná

Chicanna archaelogical site

Chicanna archaelogical site

Located at the south east part of the state known as “The house of the serpents mouth” due to its elegance and decorative richness it is thought that Chicanná was a place for the “privileged”. Due to its location during the Classic late and classic terminal periods (300-800 AC) it must have been part of the commercial route that crossed the Mexican gulf until reaching the southern coast.

The name “House of the serpents mouth” refers to the huge head figure at the central façade of structure II. According to archeologists, the head figure represents “Itzamna” reptile personification of their divinity.

The earliest sign of occupation of the site goes back to the pre-classical period (300 BC - 250 AC) when it was a small center of Becán that acted as a regional capital. Given the elegant and rich decorations on its buildings, Chicanná has been considered by some investigators to be an elitist center of the Rio Bec Region.

It was inhabited until the end of the Classical and Post-classical periods (800-1100).

Xpuhil

Xpujil archaelogical site

Xpujil archaelogical site

Its name comes from a herbaceous plant which can be found abundantly and is called “Cat's Tail”.

The site had its peak during the late classic period (500-800 BC). The first human settlements date from 400 BC from the Preclassic late period. Based on the evidence its population peaked from (600-800 AC) and its decadence came on the early Post classic in 1200.

It is a grouping of approximately 17 architectonic groups and numerous platforms of a housing type dispersed on a surface of about 5 square kms. The first four buildings you meet when you first enter the site are Structures I, II, III and IV

Duration: 4-5 hours
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